Linen

   1) Heb., pishet, pishtah, denotes "flax," of which linen is made (Isa. 19:9); wrought flax, i.e., "linen cloth", Lev. 13:47, 48, 52, 59; Deut. 22:11.
   Flax was early cultivated in Egypt (Ex. 9:31), and also in Palestine (Josh. 2:6; Hos. 2:9). Various articles were made of it: garments (2 Sam. 6:14), girdles (Jer. 13:1), ropes and thread (Ezek. 40:3), napkins (Luke 24:12; John 20:7), turbans (Ezek. 44:18), and lamp-wicks (Isa. 42:3).
   2) Heb. buts, "whiteness;" rendered "fine linen" in 1 Chr. 4:21; 15:27; 2 Chr. 2:14; 3:14; Esther 1:6; 8:15, and "white linen" 2 Chr. 5:12. It is not certain whether this word means cotton or linen.
   3) Heb. bad; rendered "linen" Ex. 28:42; 39:28; Lev. 6:10; 16:4, 23, 32; 1 Sam. 2:18; 2 Sam. 6:14, etc. It is uniformly used of the sacred vestments worn by the priests. The word is from a root signifying "separation."
   4) Heb. shesh; rendered "fine linen" Ex. 25:4; 26:1, 31, 36, etc. In Prov. 31:22 it is rendered in Authorized Version "silk," and in Revised Version "fine linen." The word denotes Egyptian linen of peculiar whiteness and fineness (byssus). The finest Indian linen, the finest now made, has in an inch one hundred threads of warp and eighty-four of woof; while the Egyptian had sometimes one hundred and forty in the warp and sixty-four in the woof. This was the usual dress of the Egyptian priest. Pharaoh arrayed Joseph in a dress of linen (Gen. 41:42).
   5) Heb. etun. Prov. 7:16, "fine linen of Egypt;" in Revised Version, "the yarn of Egypt."
   6) Heb. sadin. Prov. 31:24, "fine linen;" in Revised Version, "linen garments" (Judg. 14:12, 13; Isa. 3:23). From this Hebrew word is probably derived the Greek word sindon, rendered "linen" in Mark 14:51, 52; 15:46; Matt. 27:59.
   The word "linen" is used as an emblem of moral purity (Rev. 15:6). In Luke 16:19 it is mentioned as a mark of luxury.

Easton's Bible Dictionary. . 1897.

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  • Linen — is a textile made from the fibers of the flax plant, Linum usitatissimum . Linen is labor intensive to manufacture, but when it is made into garments, it is valued for its exceptional coolness and freshness in hot weather. It is superior to… …   Wikipedia

  • Linen — Lin en, n. [Prop. an adj. from OE. lin flax, AS. l[=i]n flax, whence l[=i]nen made of flax; akin to OS., Icel., & MHG. l[=i]n flax and linen, G. lein, leinen, linen, Sw. lin flax, Goth. lein linen, L. linum flax, linen, Gr. li non. Cf. {Line},… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Linen — Cloth made of flax. The fabrication of linen in England was not carried on to any great extent before the middle of the 16th century. It was made here in the time of the Anglo Saxons. Linen was worn as garments for wear next to the skin. In the… …   Dictionary of the English textile terms

  • Linen — Lin en (l[i^]n [e^]n), a. [OE., fr. lin linen. See {Linen}, n.] 1. Made of linen; as, linen cloth; a linen stocking. [1913 Webster] 2. Resembling linen cloth; white; pale. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • linen — [lin′ən] n. [ME < OE (akin to Ger leinen) < lin, flax: see LINE2] 1. yarn, thread, or cloth made of flax 2. [often pl.] things made of linen, or of cotton, etc., as tablecloths, sheets, shirts, etc.: cf. BED LINEN, TABLE LINEN 3. fine… …   English World dictionary

  • linen — (n.) cloth from woven flax, early 14c.; earlier as an adjective, made of flax (c.1200), from O.E. linin (adj.) made of flax, from lin flax, linen thread, cloth, from W.Gmc. *linam (Cf. O.S., O.N., O.H.G. lin flax, linen, Ger. Leinen linen, Goth.… …   Etymology dictionary

  • linen — ► NOUN 1) cloth woven from flax. 2) articles such as sheets or clothes made, or originally made, of linen. ORIGIN originally in the sense «made of flax»: from Old English …   English terms dictionary

  • linen — (Roget s IV) n. Syn. cloth, material, flaxen fabric, sheeting, linen cloth. Types of linen include: damask, single damask, five leaf damask, eight leaf damask, linen duck, linen huckaback, linen crash, dowlas, osnaburg, low sheeting, low brown… …   English dictionary for students

  • linen — lineny, adj. /lin euhn/, n. 1. fabric woven from flax yarns. 2. Often, linens. bedding, tablecloths, shirts, etc., made of linen cloth or a more common substitute, as cotton. 3. yarn made of flax fiber. 4. thread made of flax yarns. 5. wash one s …   Universalium

  • linen — n. 1) to change the (bed) linen 2) fresh linen 3) bed; fine; table linen * * * [ lɪnɪn] fine table linen bed fresh linen to change the (bed) linen …   Combinatory dictionary

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